UMUC NUTR100 midterm exam 2016 Question 1 (25 points) John reads the food labels of everything he ate for one day and records the amount of carbohydrates, protein, and fat for each item. He totals each of these and comes up with: 330 grams carbohydrate, 92 grams protein, 75 grams fat Help John figure out how many calories he ate and what percentage of those calories came from each of these nutrients. (Be sure to show work.) Total Calories – % Carbohydrate Calories – % Protein Calories – % Fat Calories – Do these percentages fall within the recommendations for percentage of calories from the macronutrients? Explain. Question 1 options: Question 2 (20 points) Looking at the provided food label, answer the following questions. a. How many servings are in this one package? b. If you ate 1 1/3 cups of this food, how many servings did you just eat? c. If you ate half the package, how many calories would you have consumed? d. Based on the %DV, what nutrients is this product high in? e. Based on the %DV, this product is low in what nutrients? Question 2 options: Question 3 (15 points) Describe two meals. The first meal should be an example of one that will leave you feeling hungry shortly after you eat it. The second meal will leave you feeling â€œsatisfiedâ€ longer. Explain what makes the two meals different and why you would feel satisfied longer with the second meal. Question 3 options: Question 4 (5 points) Calculate fiber needs (in grams) for the following individuals. a. 34 year old female who consumes 2,250 calories a day b. 22 year old male who consumes 3,800 calories a day Question 4 options: Question 5 (5 points) Calculate protein needs (in grams per kilogram) for the following individuals. a. 28 year old pregnant female weighing 60 kg. b. 42 year old male non athlete weighing 88 kg. Question 5 options: Question 6 (10 points) Match the following types of fat with the foods that are food sources of those fats. Question 6 options: monounsaturated fatty acids saturated fatty acids trans fatty acids omega 6 fatty acids omega 3 fatty acids 1. corn oil 2. salmon 3. avocado 4. whole milk 5. stick margarine Question 7 (2 points) This diet has been shown to help reduce hypertension rates Question 7 options: DASH DARE HYPO INTERSALT Question 8 (2 points) When blood volume is low and there is low blood pressure the kidneys excrete ______ which activates the hormone _______ to restore blood volume and pressure. Question 8 options: angiotensin, renin renin, angiotensin antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone aldosterone, antidiuretic hormone Question 9 (2 points) Phytochemicals have been shown in lab studies to have the potential to Question 9 options: help with DNA repair. slow the growth of cancer cells. prevent DNA damage. all of the above. Question 10 (2 points) Only about 200 mg of sodium is needed from the diet each day because the kidneys reabsorb sodium. Question 10 options: True False Question 11 (2 points) Match the following foods with the phytochemicals they contain: Question 11 options: onions soybeans cherries grapes sweet potatoes 1. carotenoids 2. isoflavones 3. terpenes 4. flavonoids 5. polyphenols Question 12 (2 points) As potassium intake increases blood pressure decreases. Question 12 options: True False Question 13 (2 points) Some chemicals in foods can be considered both phytochemicals and zoochemicals. Question 13 options: True False Question 14 (2 points) Moderate alcohol consumption has been found to have health benefits. Moderate alcohol consumption is _____ standard drink(s) per day for men and ____ standard drink(s) per day for women. Question 14 options: three, one three, two two, two two, one Question 15 (2 points) The Adequate Intake for water for adult males is ________ and ________ for adult females. Question 15 options: 12 cups, 9 cups 15.6 cups, 11 cups 10 cups, 8 cups 8 cups, 8 cups Question 16 (2 points) This vitamin is an important antioxidant and it aids in the synthesis of collagen. Question
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