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Social Science Homework Help


Social Science Homework Help Answer all questions thoroughly and in detail. Full sentences and correct grammar are expected. You must cite all answers from the textbook, including page numbers. TEXT: Problem-Oriented Policing and Crime Prevention / Edition 2 byAnthony A. Braga 1) Identify the issues that caused police departments in the 1960’s and early 1970’s to be viewed as ineffective and labeled as being “part of the problem”. 2) Describe situational crime prevention and its various components. 3) What are the problems that have been identified in the implementation of problem oriented policing strategies? 4) Once a problem has been identified and analyzed the next step is to formulate a response. What are some of the variables a police manager should consider before implementing a response to a crime issue? In your answer mention how the Revised Crime Triangle (Pg. 28) offers an additional element to a formulated response. 5) What are the potential benefits associated with “policing places”? What does Spelman caution about identifying crime “hot spots” based on short time period evaluations? 6) Describe the outcome of studies conducted on individuals identified as recidivists. What do these studies indicate about recidivists including : percentages of crimes they commit, individual characteristics, crime histories and involvement with narcotics? 7) Define the ERASOR Problem Solving Process and identify the approaches used to reduce trade in the five main types of stolen goods markets. 8) Why was the Minneapolis Domestic Violence experiment undertaken? In your comments on the results mention the policy dilemmas that were revealed. 9) What approaches to combatting domestic violence have proven in case studies to have been effective? What are some of the common characteristics of domestic violence offenders? 10) How does the use of crime mapping assist the concept of problem oriented policing? 11) Explain the differences between crime mapping and cognitive mapping. 12) In order to determine the effectiveness of performance, police departments must identify how to measure accomplishments. Define and explain the following terms and how they can be used to measure performance: outcomes, processes and inputs. According to the text what is the best approach to accurately assess performance. 13) Explain the concept of police legitimacy. What steps should be taken and avoided in order to improve the quality of police-community relationships? What things can the police do to produce productive relationships with the private sector? 14) Define the term “displacement” and identify six types of displacement identified in the text. 15) Why is it difficult to detect the effects of displacement? Should police managers be concerned with measuring the effects of displacement? 16) Describe “diffusion of benefits” and give specific examples of the crime control benefits that may occur as a result of displacement.


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