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SBE/330 SBE330 SBE 330 WEEK 2 Case Study


SBE 330 WEEK 2 Case Study Homework Your response should be at least one page long and conform to APA Version 6 standards. If you have questions about APA Version 6 standards, refer to the Syllabus for instructions about accessing an APA tutorial. Below is the grading rubric used for this case study: one pages Criteria Points Case Study Submitted case study and addressed all questions asked in assignment. Each case study presents one or more questions for analysis and explanation. A quality response fully answers the question or questions asked. 25 points APA Standards Written response conforms to APA format (in-text citations and references as required, punctuation, headings, paraphrasing, seriation). At a minimum, focus on in-text citations, sentence punctuation, seriation rules, and reference list construction. You should list and cite the text, as appropriate, when responding to case study questions. 3 points Spelling and Grammar Submitted assignment was checked for spelling and grammar errors. 2 points CASE STUDY 6 Exploring Innovation in Action Sewing up the competition – innovation in the textile and clothing industry Manufacturing doesn’t get much older than the textile and clothing industry. Since the earliest days when we lived in caves there’s been a steady demand for something to wrap around us to keep warm and to protect the more sensitive bits of our anatomy from the worst of the elements. What began with animal hides and furs gradually moved into a more sophisticated activity with fabrics woven from flax or wool – and with people increasingly specialising in the business. In its early days this was very much a cottage industry – quite literally people would spin wool gathered from sheep and weave simple cloths on home-made looms. But the skill base – and the technology – began to develop and many of the family names we still have today – Weaver, Dyer, Tailor, for example – remind us of the importance of this sector. And where there were sufficient cottages and groups of people with such skill we began to see concentrations of manufacturing – for example, the Flemish weavers or the lace makers in the English Midlands. As their reputation – and the quality of their goods – grew so the basis of trading internationally in textile and clothing was established. The small-scale nature of the industry changed dramatically during the Industrial Revolution. Massive growth in population meant that markets were becoming much bigger whilst at the same time significant developments in technology (and the science underpinning the technology) meant that making textiles and clothing became an increasingly industrialised process. Much of the early Industrial Revolution was around the cotton and wool industries in England and many of the great innovations and machinery – such as the Spinning Jenny – were essentially innovations to support a growing international industry. And the growth of the industry fuelled scientific research and led to developments like the invention of synthetic dyes (which allowed a much broader range of colour) and the development of bleaching agents. There’s a pattern in this in which certain manufacturing innovation trajectories play a key role. For example, the growing mechanisation of operations, their linking together into systems of production and the increasing attempts to take human intervention out through automation. Of course this was easier to do in some cases than others – for example, one of the earliest forms of programmable control, long before the invention of the computer, was the Jacquard punched card system which could control the weaving of different threads across a loom. But actually making material into various items of clothing is more difficult, simply because material doesn’t have a fixed and controllable shape – so this remained increa


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