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Public Policy and Stakeholders Analysis


Public Policy and Stakeholders Analysis Strayer University Public Policy: Public policy means the principles upon which social laws are based, which are more often than not, unwritten. As a law, public policy is the principle of denying of a contract through injury of a public good (Knoepfel, 2011, p.12). Using simple language, public policy is the decision, made by any government, to either act or not to act when it comes to solving a particular problem. Gun violence is a threat affecting public health, as some doctors and medical associations are claiming. This information came from an article posted in the US News website. Using Argumentative Analysis, we shall go deeper to see the two sides, when it comes to gun violence as a threat to public health. • Claim: Gun violence is a major threat to public health. This claim is being pushed forward by Doctors and Medical associations in the Unites States of America. • Information: Many cases of death, through guns, are being reported on a daily basis, for examples, homicides. These Doctors and the medical associations see gun violence as a threat to public health. Objection: Death is not only occurring due to guns, or are not only gun related, but also accidents and diseases cause death on a daily basis too. • Warrant: In supporting the claim that gun violence is affecting public health, the general public will be educated on how to handle firearms. Backing: Since education of the public, in safety measures when it comes to handling guns, is the first step towards reducing gun-related deaths. Objection: Policy against guns is a move to restrict private gun ownership. Rebuttal: In addition, it’s a method of obtaining new ground and techniques for seizing firearms • Qualifier: The doctors and medical associations believe this policy will definitely save lives. Assumption: The underlying assumption with gun violence is that it is highly related to mental illness. (Point (A) on Figure 2) Some states, in United Sates of America, are pushing for the Legalization of Marijuana. Some sides, for example, antidrug bodies have been against the move to legalize the drug. • Claim: Marijuana is a highly addictive and destructive drug • Information: Many Americans have been admitted to various rehabilitation centers seeking help with addiction to marijuana.  Objection: other drugs such as alcohol and cigarettes are addictive too, and they are legal everywhere. • Warrant: The drug should not be legalized because it has very severe effects than a cigarette, especially on the fragile mind of the youth  Backing: students and the youth in general are the abusers of marijuana. Legalizing will basically be giving them the stamp of approval to use the drug.  Objection: No one is forcing the youth to use the drug, they can choose not to smoke marijuana as some obviously do.  Rebuttal: marijuana has numerous medical benefits, and not legalizing it will not be fair to people who genuinely need it to deal with certain medical issues. Assumption: The underlying assumption with Marijuana is that it is not an addictive and harmful drug. (Point (B) on Figure 2) Figure 1: Distribution of warrant by plausibility and importance X (A) X (B) Figure 2: The underlying Assumption on the Plausibility versus Importance graph The argument that is most plausible is the policy on Legalization of Marijuana. Plausibility means having an appearance and possibility of truth and reason (Manski, 2013, p.66). The antidrug bodies that are pushing to stop the Legalization of Marijuana have a point. They are strongly saying that the government is against drugs and is advocating for the people to stop the use and sale of them. If the same government now goes ahead and legalizes one of these drugs, what message is that government try to send to the public? The war on drugs then will have been a fut


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