Assignment 2: LASA 1: Development Throughout the Lifespan Erikson and Freud are two of the few theorists who have developed a lifespan approach to development. Freudâ€™s approach to development was psychosexual while Eriksonâ€™s was psychosocial. Even though Freudâ€™s theory is better known, Eriksonâ€™s theory remains a leading and very much applied model in personality and developmental psychology today. When considering these two stage-oriented theories, you can directly compare the majority of their stages. These are matched in the following table: Approximate Age Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial development Infancy (Birth to 1 year) Oral stage Trust versus mistrust Early childhood (1â€“3 years) Anal stage Autonomy versus doubt Preschool (3â€“6 years) Phallic stage Initiative versus guilt School age (7â€“11 years) Latent period Industry versus inferiority Adolescence (12â€“18 years) Genital stage Identity versus role confusion Young adulthood (19â€“40 years) Intimacy versus isolation Middle adulthood (40â€“65 years) Generativity versus stagnation Older adulthood (65â€“death) Integrity versus despair When considering Erikson’s eight stages of development, the way a person moves through each stage directly affects their success in the next stage. Their personality is being built and shaped with each stage. At each stage, there is a turning point, called a crisis by Erikson, which a person must confront. In this assignment, you will observe or interview two different people, each at a different stage of development. For a third observation, take a look at yourself and the stage that you are in (this stage must be different from your other two observations). â€¢Record your three observations in a template. Include the following information: â—¦Name â—¦Age â—¦Gender â—¦Current developmental stage â—¦Status within the stage (i.e., identity achievement or role confusion) â—¦Events that have lead to this status Download a Development Template from the Doc Sharing area to record your observations. â€¢Summarize what you have learned about psychosocial development through these observations/interviews. â€¢Summarize the trends you see in your observations/interviews regarding psychosocial development. â€¢How does movement through Erikson’s stages influence personality development? Again, be specific. â€¢How do Erikson’s stages of development compare to Freudâ€™s stages? How are they similar? How are they different? â€¢Between these two theories, which one do you feel best explains your own personality development? Justify your answers with specific examples. Write a 3â€“4-page paper in Word format. Insert your chart at the end of your paper. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M3_A2.doc.
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