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HSA/535 HSA535 HSA 535 Midterm Exam Part 1

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HSA 535 Midterm Exam Part 1 • Question 1 A disease or condition that affects a greater than expected (normal) number of individuals within a population, community, or region at the same time is referred to as an ____. • Question 2 HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is currently a ____. • Question 3 Social epidemiology studies ____. • Question 4 The normal occurrence of a disease or condition common to persons within a localized area is known as a(n) ____. • Question 5 Reproductive health studies ____. • Question 6 Physical, biological, social, cultural, and behaviors that influence health are known as ____. • Question 7 The biological cause of a problem or disease is known as ____. • Question 8 The modern epidemiologic triangle includes groups of populations, causative factors, and ____. • Question 9 While Austin Bradford Hill is well-known for his work in developing guidelines for establishing causality for studies of non-infectious diseases, his other contributions to the field of epidemiology and ____ are remarkable. • Question 10 For chronic diseases, the time between exposure and symptoms is called the ____ period, which can range from a few months to many years. • Question 11 A test given to people who have no symptoms to check for the presence of a particular disease is known as a ____. • Question 12 The time between infection and clinical disease is referred to as a(n) ____. • Question 13 Determining the cause of a disease is referred to as ____. • Question 14 Risk factors or exposures that we think might affect the outcome are known as ____. • Question 15 While many people are used to hearing proportions represented as a percentage, many population samples in epidemiology are often presented per ____. • Question 16 Consider a food borne illness that is being investigated from a restaurant during a one week period. Anyone who ate at that restaurant, and had vomiting and diarrhea during that week, could be considered a(n) ____ even if they had not gone to see their doctor. • Question 17 The representation of a numerator as a fraction of a denominator is known as a(n) ____. • Question 18 Prevalence equals ____. • Question 19 The number of new cases of disease in a specified time (usually one year) divided by the population “at-risk” to develop the disease is known as ____. • Question 20 A table in epidemiology that arranges numbers to allow the comparison of exposure and outcome is called a ____ table. • Question 21 The number of existing cases of disease divided by the population is known as ____. • Question 22 A person in the population or study group identified as having the particular disease, health disorder, or condition under investigation is known as a ____. • Question 23 If a bacterium carries several resistance genes, it is called a ____. • Question 24 A(n) ____ is an infected individual capable of transmitting disease during and after clinical disease. • Question 25 How many new cases of HIV infection were reported in the United States for the year 2009? • Question 26 The probability of death due to infectious disease in sub-Saharan Africa is ____%, but only ____% in developed countries, such as the United States. • Question 27 ____ is the transmission of a disease from mother to child during pregnancy or delivery. Selected Answer: • Question 28 Infectious diseases are responsible for ____% of worldwide deaths in children under 15 years old and ____% of deaths in people aged 15-59 years ol

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