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HSA/535 HSA535 HSA 535 Final Exam Part 1


HSA 535 Final Exam Part 1 • Question 1 Physical, biological, social, cultural, and behaviors that influence health are known as ____. • Question 2 The course of a disease, if left untreated, is referred to as ____. • Question 3 The first step in any epidemiological investigation is to ____. Selected Answer: describe the population demographically by age, race, sex, education, and other relevant indicators Correct Answer: describe the population demographically by age, race, sex, education, and other relevant indicators • Question 4 Identifying diseases prior to the clinical stage means that prevention efforts can begin immediately. Because the disease is already present, this is an example of ____ prevention. • Question 5 James Lind (1716-1794) observed the effect of time, place, weather, and diet on the spread of disease by ____. • Question 6 0 out of 5 points Risk factors or exposures that we think might affect the outcome are known as ____. • Question 7 5 out of 5 points A proportion measured over a period of time is known as a ____. • Question 8 Consider a food borne illness that is being investigated from a restaurant during a one week period. Anyone who ate at that restaurant, and had vomiting and diarrhea during that week, could be considered a(n) ____ even if they had not gone to see their doctor. • Question 9 The number of new cases of disease in a specified time (usually one year) divided by the population “at-risk” to develop the disease is known as ____. • Question 10 There is ____ in the overall crude death rate in the United States from the year 1900 until 1996. • Question 11 The probability of death due to infectious disease in sub-Saharan Africa is ____%, but only ____% in developed countries, such as the United States. • Question 12 How many new cases of HIV infection were reported in the United States for the year 2009? • Question 13 The ultimate goal of an outbreak investigation is to control existing disease and ____, as well as to find the cause of the problem. • Question 14 One of the most common errors in an outbreak investigation is the failure to ____. • Question 15 Once the population at risk has been identified, it’s finally time to develop a(n) ____ about the suspected cause of the outbreak and then test it. • Question 16 Which first generation vaccine was introduced in 1935? • Question 17 Which sub-group is considered at the highest risk for anthrax infection? • Question 18 5 out of 5 points Anthrax is caused by ____. • Question 19 It is now well documented that atherosclerosis, or “hardening of the arteries,” has its beginning in ____ and therefore the public health emphasis on prevention and public policies need to focus on earlier intensive interventions. • Question 20 As the incidence and mortality of infectious diseases declined from the early 1900s onwards, the incidence of cardiovascular disease ____. • Question 21 The brain consists of two major hemispheres, the right and the left, which are joined by tissue called the corpus callosum. The right hemisphere controls movements of which part of the body? • Question 22 What is the overall case fatality rate of lung cancer in the United States (men and women combined)? • Question 23 Cancer in the ____ is the second most common cancer when considering men and women combined. • Question 24 What is the strongest risk factor for developing cancer? • Question 25 Where is the incidence of Type 1 diabetes mellitus h


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