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Economics

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Consider the table below for the aggregate supply (AS), and aggregate demand (AD), for goods and services in the United States. Quantitative Literacy Assignment Aggregate Supply &Aggregate Demand ECO 2013 Price Level – P (Y Axis) Real GDP Demanded in billions (AD) Real GDP Supplied in billions (AS) 50 16,300 15,100 60 16,200 15,200 70 16,100 15,300 80 16,000 15,400 90 15,900 15,500 100 15,800 15,600 110 15,700 15,700 120 15,600 15,800 130 15,500 15,900 140 15,400 16,000 150 15,300 16,100 160 15,200 16,200 170 15,100 16,300 1. On the grid below, create a graph depicting the U.S. economy using the table above, andplotthe AD and the AS.(Use EXCEL to plot the graph on a separate sheet if possible, but not required. Use titles onthe graph, axes, and curves; Use X axis for Real GDP and Y axis for price level.). 2. a. Calculate the slope of the AD curve using data in the table/graph. b. Calculate the slope of the AS curve using data in the table/graph. c.Using 3-4 well-written sentences and numerical examples in the table for the each of the following two questions. (i) Explainwhy the AD curve has the slope you calculated as a result of the “wealth effect”. (ii) Explainwhy the AS curve has the slope you calculated as a result of the “sticky price theory”. 3. Using the graph created from the data in the table, determine the short-run equilibrium price level and level of output. Explain using 2-3 well written sentences how this equilibrium point is determined and include the numerical values. 4. From your graph, explain using 2-3 sentences how an increase in real GDPcould occur in the economy and give a specific written real world scenario or example. Include the resulting effect on the price level (P) and give the correct terminology that corresponds to this type of price level change. 5. On your existing graph, draw what would happen if: 1) crude oil prices fell slightly, and 2) stock and housing prices declined sharply. Explainthe result using 2-3 sentences and include numerical examples from your new graphical outcome. Compare the new position of theaggregate supply and demand curves, and the new short-run equilibrium compared to the old one.

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