Question 1. Question : (TCO 1) What element makes protein different from carbohydrate and fat? Carbon Hydrogen Nitrogen Oxygen Question 2. Question : (TCO 1) Which statement is FALSE concerning the field of nutrition? Nutrition is the study of how food nourishes the body. Nutrition encompasses how we consume, digest, metabolize, and store food. Nutrition is an ancient science that dates back to the 14th century. Nutrition involves studying the factors that influence eating patterns. Question 3. Question : (TCO 1) Which of the following is an example of disease that is directly caused by a nutritional deficiency? Anemia Cancer Osteoporosis Heart disease Question 4. Question : (TCO 1) For dinner, Bill consumes 255 grams of carbohydrate, 70 grams of protein, and 50 grams of fat. In addition, Bill decides that he wants a glass of wine with his meal. If he drinks one glass of wine containing 8 grams of alcohol, how many total kilocalories does he consume in this meal? 56 kilocalories 540 kilocalories 1,675 kilocalories 1,806 kilocalories Question 5. Question : (TCO 1) Which of the following is true regarding the science of nutrition? As compared to many other scientific disciplines, nutrition is a young science. Discoveries by the first nutritional scientists established the connection between deficiencies and illness. In developed countries, current research in nutrition focuses on the relationship between diet and chronic diseases. All of these are true. Question 6. Question : (TCO 1) Which of the following are examples of carbohydrate-rich foods? Butter and corn oil Beef and pork Wheat and lentils Bacon and eggs Question 7. Question : (TCO 2) What percentage of deaths in the United States can be attributed to unhealthy lifestyle behaviors such as smoking, alcohol misuse, physical inactivity, and unbalanced diet? 10% 25% 40% 75% Question 8. Question : (TCO 2) Aim for fitness, build a healthy base, and choose sensibly are general directives of: The Food Guide Pyramid. The Nutrition Facts Panel. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans. The Nutrition Recommendations for Canadians. Question 9. Question : (TCO 2) The Nutrition Facts Panel on a box of crackers indicates that one serving provides 140 calories, with 55 calories coming from fat. Calculate the percentage of calories from fat in this product. 39% 55% 85% Need more information to calculate. Question 10. Question : (TCO 2) The standard used to estimate the daily nutrient needs of half of all healthy individuals is: EAR. AI. RDA. UL. Question 11. Question : (TCO 2) Which of the following is required on all food labels? the net contents of the package ingredient list the name and address of the vendor all of these Question 12. Question : (TCO 2) The government agency that regulates the food labels on fresh meat and poultry in the United States is the: USDA. NCI. EDA. FBI. Question 13. Question : (TCO 3) What is the cephalic phase? earliest phase of digestion when the brain prepares the body in anticipation of food phase when the semidigested food leaves the stomach and slowly enters the small intestine phase when the majority of absorption occurs, primarily occurring in the small intestine final phase of digestion when the large intestine and rectum prepare the undigested components of food for elimination Question 14. Question : (TCO 3) Digestion and absorption occur at the ________ level. tissue organ system organism Question 15. Question : (TCO 3) Which best explains why carbohydrate digestion ceases when food reaches the stomach? Carbohydrate is completely digested in the mouth. Salivary enzymes cannot function in the acid environment of the stomach. Carbohydrate is completely absorbed in the esophagus. Intestinal bacteria are needed for carbohydrate digestion. Question 16. Question : (TCO 3) In which organ does the majority of water absorption occur? mouth stomach small intestine large intestine
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