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Business Ethics


I need a reply/response to these four discussion board answers. Just read the discussion board answers, and respond to the information you read. Just three to five lines response each. Write the response under each discussion board answers. This is the Question to the discussion board answers below: Part #1 Scenario: You are an engineer working for a company designing dialysis equipment for worldwide use. You are interested in designing both for economically-developed countries and third-world countries. In economically-developed countries there are working dialysis systems, but your design would be an improvement. In the third-world, access to any dialysis equipment is currently limited. You have 2 design choices and must make a decision on one design. Manufacturing and FDA approval costs are such that your company can only move forward on one of the following designs. Design 1: A design using disposable filters that would be replaced with each patient. Pros/Cons/Issues re: Design 1: • Purchase of disposables in the third world is difficult and not typically funded by charitable organizations and government entities that might be willing to purchase or donate the equipment • More profitable for the company in developed countries as hospitals would continue to purchase disposable filters • Will have a secondary infection rate of 1 in 1,000 • 100 times less expensive to manufacture than Design 2 Design 2: A design using a reusable filter that could be cleaned, autoclaved and reused with each patient. Secondary infection is a risk in dialysis. Such an infection in a patient with kidney disease could result in long-term injury and increased risk of death. Pros/Cons/Issues re: Design 2: • Reusable filter would require autoclaves, more training, and would be more expensive initially (although cheaper in the long-term after 100 patients) • In the hands of untrained personnel, could be more dangerous • Less profitable for your company in economically developed countries as hospitals would not need to continue to purchase disposable filters • Will have a secondary infection rate of 1 in 1,000,000 • 100 times more expensive to manufacture than Design 1 1. Which design will you choose? 2. Would it make a difference in your decision if the design was primarily for economically-developed countries or for third-world countries? Adapted from case by Sara E. Wilson, Ph.D. “A New Dialysis Machine” Online Ethics Center for Engineering 7/15/2010 National Academy of Engineering. www.onlineethics.org/Resources/Cases/DialysisMachine.aspx Part #2: Review assigned article, “Harnessing the Power of Corporate Culture (Developing Leaders for a Sustainable Global Society)”. Consider the “new model of leadership” discussed in the article. 1. If you were a corporate employee, would you react positively or negatively to this new model of leadership? Why? 2. What are some specific problems that might be encountered in implementing this new model of leadership? Why? These are discussion board answers; need three to five lines response to these FOUR discussion board answers below. The question is above to better understand the discussion board answers below. Part 1— Maria Davis 1. Which designwill you choose? Model 2 because it has an infection rate of 1 in 1,000,000. It is more expensive, requires an autoclave, and training but is the best machine and has the least amount of risk. The other design needs replaceable filters that probably are unattainable in third world countries, so guarantee infection because of reused filters where replacements were not available. Whereas with design two, there is at least a chance it could be used and taken care of correctly. Ethically this would be the best choice as it decreases infection and if someone becomes infected because of using a below par device, then it could cause death. (www.scu.edu) 2. Would


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