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Arguments and drafting Introductions


Print The first part is letting you know how the paper should be and the second half is what need to be done you also will have to look in week five once again Writing a First Draft General Organization of an Argument | General Organization of the Course Project | What to Include in the Introduction | Body Section I | Acknowledge the Opposing View | Using American Psychological Association (APA) Documentation Style For the remainder of the course, we will focus on drafting and refining your paper; that effort begins with the draft you’ll write this week. By now you’ve conducted library and Internet research for information to support your topic. You’ve read a variety of sources of research. You’ve also written assignments over the past few weeks that contain material that you can incorporate into the draft. Now you will combine the components into the paragraphs and pages of your project. This week, you’ll plan your Course Project and write the first two sections. How do you get there? It’s not as difficult as you might think. General Organization of an Argument Back to Top If you’ve ever watched a courtroom scene, you’re familiar with the basic organization that is used to persuade an audience using an argument. One side introduces an issue, usually with background information. The opposing argument is stated and then taken apart point by point to create reasonable doubt. The audience is then presented with the main argument. The main argument is presented logically so that the audience can easily follow. This means that one section is presented at a time, each one supported by reasonable evidence from experts, witnesses, or personal testimony. The argument ends with a conclusion asserting the final persuasive points that are left to the audience to make a conclusion about. Similarly the Course Project will have a recognizable structure. General Organization of the Course Project Back to Top The Course Project consists of the following sections. I.Introduction a.Attention-getting hook b.Topic, purpose, and thesis c.Background d.Relevance to reader II.Body Logically presented, point-by-point argument with evidence (the number of sections may differ by paper, but you should plan to have at least two sections) a.Section 1 (2–5 paragraphs) b.Section 2 (2–5 paragraphs) c.Section 3 (2–5 paragraphs) d.Section 4 (2–5 paragraphs) e.Section 5 (2–5 paragraphs) III.Conclusion Each section has a distinct focus. Introduction and Background Engages the audience; identifies the topic, purpose, and thesis, and previews for the reader how the papers will be organized. Body Divides into sections that logically present the point-by-point argument with evidence; developed with two to five major sections with two to five paragraphs each. Conclusion Summarizes without repeating information and includes a call for action that outlines how the reader might think or act differently. The first draft, due this week, will provide the introduction and one section of the body of the paper. What to Include in the Introduction Back to Top The introduction contains the following elements. a.Attention-getting hook b.Topic, purpose, and thesis c.Background d.Relevance to reader Use an attention grabber, also known as a hook, to gain the attention of your reader. You’ve written paragraphs of introduction in prior assignments for this course. Take a look at one and see if you can strengthen the way it starts. A good hook will present an idea that effectively draws your reader into wanting to know more about your topic. For examples, pay close attention to how your sources use hooks for their articles. Otherwise, any of the below are examples of attention-getting openers. Pose a thought-provoking question. Present a short anecdote. Cite a surprising statistic. Assert a challenging


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